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WWII German Iron Cross Second Class - The Iron Cross is perhaps the most recognizable award of World War two. It was issued to soldiers in recognition for bravery. The Iron Cross employed during WWII is very similar to that used during WWI . The major differences between the two periods are the dates displayed in the lower arm of the cross and the absecense of a Swastika in the WWI type.

The Iron Cross was first introduced in 1813 to reward Prussian troops who were engaged in combat with France and Napoleon. The actual documentation for the award was issued on March 20th 1813. The original intent was to make the cross a campaign award. It was supposed to replace other state awards such as the Pour le Merit.



There were several versions of the Iron Cross.

  1. First Class Iron Cross - This award has a pin back and does not hang from a ribbon.

  2. Second Class Iron Cross - The award has a Award has an upper loop where a ring is attached allowing it to be suspended via a ribbon. This is the award featured on this page.

  3. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross - Introduced on September of 1939. Designed to bridge the gap between the Iron Cross First Class and the Grand Cross.

  4. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves - Introduced on 3 June 1940.

  5. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and swords - Introduced on 15 July 1941.

  6. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, swords and diamonds - Introduced on 15 July 1941.

  7. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, swords and diamonds - Instituted on January 1945. awarded to only one person. Hans Ulrich Rudel.

  8. Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross - This is a prototype award.

  9. Grand Cross of the Iron Cross - Instituted on September 1st 1939. Identical to the Second Class Iron Cross except that bigger.

IRON CROSS DESIGN
The design of the award consisted of a cross with arms that get wider as they extend from the center. The top arm has a built-in loop. This is where the ring that holds the ribbin is connected. The body of the cross is outlined by a ribbed ridge. It is placed about a quarter of an inch away from the edge of the cross. It follows the contour of the body. The area inside the ridge is painted black. The outer perimeter is of silver color.



The front of the Iron Cross has a raised Swastika in the center. Just below the symbol is the date 1939. The back of the cross displays the date of 1813 in the bottom arm.

The Iron cross is manufactured of Iron.

The Iron Cross is constructed of three pieces. Two identical frames in the shape of the cross with the center being a third piece consisting of a solid, thin surface. The two frames are pushed together sandwhiching the center piece.

Because of the construction type, When the cross is turned on its side, a seam should be visible in the center of the arm. Sometimes it is hard to see but it is present.



It is interesting to note that the original design for the Iron Cross was supposed to be a cross platte with a square box center. The box contaimned the Royal Ciphersurmounted by the Crown of Prussia. Each arm had a sprig of oak leaves superimposed.

The quarters of the cross were semi-filled and the date of instigation was applied, one number per arm. The cross was to be suspended from a ribbon consisting of black stripes of Black, white, broad black, white and black, which are the colors of Prussia.

It was decided not to adopt this design. Instead, the work submited by Karl Friedrich Schinkel was adopted.




This page is a recognition and identification guide for WWII German badges and awards. Multiple detailed photos of a specific sample are provided. Descriptions point out clearly defined points that should be noted.

One of the most commonly asked questions is "How much is my WWII German badge worth?". A price guide is included here to address this question. The value of the badges and awards is reviewed over a period of several years. A trend can be observed. The present worth of the German badges in the collector's market is illustrated.

This service is provided free of charge to the visitor/enthusiast courtesy of MilitaryItems.com, a company dedicated to the preservation of military history and to providing quality military antiques and collectibles to museums, institutions and the general public.

WANT TO LEARN MORE?
  1. FAQ's
  2. Iron Cross Anatomy
  3. Identifying fakes and reproductions
  4. RZM manufacturing codes
  5. LDO manufacturing codes
  6. Construction materials
  7. Pins, hinges and other
  8. Perspective view
  9. Purchasing a WWII German Combat badge




The German Iron Cross

The "Military minute" is a series of instructional videos created by MilitaryItems.com for the purpose of providing basic information about military collectibles. The idea is to expose people to the exciting world of military collectibles.

The video presentation coupled with detailed photographs and written information, including a military collectible's price guide, enhances the visitor's experience.

Whether you are a long time collector, a beginner or simply have an interest in the history and value of each collectible, we hope that you find the information presented here useful.



MANUFACTURING MARKINGS
The German military complex during WWII was very concerned about the quality of their equipment. From the weapons right down to the medals and awards. In the early days of the Third Reich many badges were designed, manufactured and issued without any standardize form of quality control.

Note that the ring of this example is marked with the number 21. This is the LDO code for the company that manufactured the cross.





HOW THE IRON CROSS WAS PRESENTED
The Iron cross was usually issued in a paper envelope. It could be blue or beige in color. It had a printed words in the front along with the date of 1939, which is the date when the award was adopted by the Third Reich.

The award was also issued on a box. Although this was not a common occurance. The photo to the right illustrates what the box looks like.



IRON CROSS DOCUMENTS
Every Iron Cross was given to the soldier with an award document. This consisted of a khaki piece of paper. In most instances the drawing of an Iron Cross was found top center. Printed words included "Im Namen des Fuhrers, verleihe ich dem, das Eiserne Kreuz 2.Klasse", which translates to "In the name of the Fuhrer I bestow the Iron Cross 2 class".

The rest of the information is typed. It contains the name of the person, his title, assignment and the date in which the award is issued.

The document is signed by the person who awarded it. An official stamp is applied to one corner. This is a very simple document that does not have much fanfare.



The document is signed by the person who awarded it. An official stamp is applied to one corner. This is a very simple document that does not have much fanfare.



BY THE NUMBERS
It is hard to determine the exact number of Iron Crosses that were produced. However, thanks to the record keeping maintained by the Wehrmacht, it is possible to find how many crosses were actually issued.



The actual number of Iron Crosses produced is greater than the number that was issue. It must be accounted that the armed forces would have a stock in hand so it could replace lost ones and issue new awards. In addition the factories were likely to have warehouses with inventory at hand. The Iron Cross was one of the awards most widely distributed during WWII.

The population of Germany in 1939 was approximately 64,000,000.




COLLECTING IRON CROSSES
Collecting Third Reich memorabilia is a field that has been growing since the days the GI's rummaged around Europe bringing back military souvenirs. German soldiers wore many of their awards on their uniforms when they went to battle. Once the soldier was killed or captured, the American soldiers would take the awards as war trophies. Eventually all these pieces came back to the United States where military history enthusiasts began to collect them.

"I am trying to figure out if I should get into collecting Infantry Assault badges."


Determining which military badges to collect can be a challenging decision. The combination of availabiilty and cost will often set the pace of what can be collected.

The adjacent table outlines some of the advantages and disadvantages of collecting the Infantry Assault badge.









IRON CROSS 2ND CLASS VARIATIONS

The Iron Cross 2nd Class was produced by several manufacturers and in different configurations. The following section displays some of the different types that were produced. It is a good idea to take a look to as many examples as possible in order to learn more about the subject.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 1
This is an example of an Iron Cross 2nd Class. No ribbon is present.

WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 2
The Second Iron Cross has a single suspension ring for the ribbon.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 3
The Iron Cross 2nd Class is composed of three sections where the third section is sandwhiched.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 4
This is an Iron Cross 2nd Class with manufacturer markings applied to the ring.




WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 5
Iron Cross 2nd Class complete with the issue box. The ribbon is placed on the lid.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 6
This is an Iron Cross 2nd Class. The ribbon is missing. It is not marked.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 7
This is an Iron Cross 2nd Class. complete with the ribbon.


WWII German Cross in Cloth - 8
This is an German Cross in Gold. Cloth type. Luftwaffe fray color.




WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 9
This is an Iron Cross 2nd Class. complete with the ribbon.


WWII Iron Cross Second Class - 10
This is an Iron Cross 2nd Class. complete with the ribbon.



This award is currently being reproduced. It is becoming more difficult to be able to tell the fake ones from the real ones because the quality of the reproductions is improving. The collector must become familiarized with the construction style and materials employed in the manufacturing of this badge. Attention to the details is critical in order to be able to determine the authenticity of the badge.



If you have an interest is seeing other badges and awards of the Third Reich, you can do so by going to our WWII German Badges and Awards identification guide. Where we cover Heer (Army), Navy (Kriegsmarine) and Air Force (Luftwaffe) items.




PRICING GUIDE INFORMATION

The value for WWII German Combat badges and other military antiques and collectibles is provided as a means to educate the collector community and individuals who have a general interest on the field. The following is an estimated value. Prices may vary in every state and every country. This service is provided courtesy of MilitaryItems.com. The source for military antiques and collectibles in the web.

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Value $85.00 $100.00 $125.00 $150.00 $150.00 $150.00
Availability Common Common Medium Medium Medium Medium
Invest Grade A A A A A A


While the item featured here is not for sale, similar items like it are available for purchase in our website MilitaryItems.com


 
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