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WWII German Red Cross Daggers - The German Red Cross was recognized in accordance with the agreement of Geneva dated July 27th 1929. The first formal uniforms were established on August 6th 1935. The leader and subordinate daggers were introduced in 1938.

The anatomical view of the Red Cross dagger follows:





RED CROSS SUBORDINATE HEWER
The rules from the Geneva convention brought restrictions to the Red Cross side arms unlike any applied to other branches who used daggers as part of their uniforms. The Geneva rules indicated that members of the Red Cross of any country engaged infighting could not wear any weapons while performing their humanitarian duties. The idea was that not carrying a weapon would afford a certain level of protection to red Cross personnel during combat operations. They should not be fired upon by enemy forces.

This is the Red Cross Subordinate Hewer .
The blade of the red cross subordinate hewer is one of the most interesting aspects of the dagger. In terms of dagger baldes it is massive and menacing looking. It is of chromed finish. It has a double-tooth serrated back that covers approximately 85 percent of the length of the blade. The tip ends abruptly in a straight cut, which was done this way in order to comply with the requirements of the Geneva convention. if the tip was pointed then it would be considered a weapon.

This dagger is one of the few that had a double purpose. It was worn at special events such as dinner parties, weddings, parades, etc. but it was also carried into the battlefield where the serrated edge proved very useful to remove casts, construct splints, removing limbs, etc.



The pommel of the Red Cross Hewer was a solid piece of metal of silver color. The handkles were made of plastic. The front handle was of a evry tight checkered pattern while the revese was of smooth texture. The crossguard was of silver color as well. fairly thick construction. An eagle is placed inside an oval in the center fo the crossguard.

The scabbard is of metal construction. Smooth black paint. The finial is composed of a round silver metal piece. A frog anchor is attached near the neck area in the front. The frog was made of leather. It was of sturdy construction as it had to secure the dagger which was large and heavy. A belt loop is found in the upper section of the frog.


RED CROSS LEADER DAGGER
The Geneva convention rules also applied to members of the Red Cross leadership. Just like with the Subordinate Hewer, certain rules had to be observed by the leaders in order to satisfy the convention. The dagger could only be worn with the dress uniform. It could not be carried into combat situations.

The following is a Red Cross Leader dagger .
The design of the red Cross leader dagger consisted of a silver metal piece for pommel. Of oval shape. The pommel housed a multi-point head screw which held all the dagger components in place. The handle was orange in color. It was made of cellulite, which was an early plastic. Swirled design. There was no wire wrapping among the handle grooves.

The scabbard was of metal construction. It had four panels of pebbling. The finial was built in as opposed to being a separate fitting.

The blade of the leader's dagger was of stiletto style. Double edge with a sharp point. The crossguard eagle oval is so pronounced that it covers a portion of the base of the blade,

The crossguard is constructed of a single piece with several liens that make it appear as if though it is of multi-piece construction.

The pebbling pattern found in front and reverse pannels of the scabbard are very visible in this photograph. They were executed very tightly.

Simulated bands are applied to the throat and mid-point of the scabbard. These are the points where the hanger was connected with the use of clips.

The hanger suspension opening found in the scabbard of the Red Cross leader's dagger is of rectangular shape.

This is the only characteristic that distinguishes leader's daggers from this branch compared to the social welfare branch of the Red Cross.




RED CROSS LEADER DAGGER - SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH
The Red Cross had a Social Welfare branch. A leader dagger was issued to members of this organization. The main function of this branch was to deal with the civilian population inside of Germany. It provided housing and food to destitute individuals. This branch was fairly small when compared to the regular Red Cross.

The Geneva convention also applied to members of this organization. Even though they were not exposed to combat situations they remained an active part of the Red Cross. The dagger was to be worn with the dress uniform only.

The design of the dagger was almost identical to its counterpart, the regular Red Cross leader. The pommel was composed of a silver metal piece with a multi-point head screw visible from the top. The handle was orange and made of cellulite. It was of swirled pattern but did not have any wire wrapping.

The crossguard is silver in color. It has an oval shape with an eagle in its center. The reverse side of the pommel retains the same oval shape but it is blank. A silver portapee is tied to the handle of this example. The scabbard is of metal construction.

The blade for the Social welfare leader's dagger was identical to the one used with the regular Red Cross. Of stilleto type. Double edge. The crossguard eagle is large enough to cover a percentage of the base of the blade. No motto or organizational logo was ever applied to the blade.

The picture here shows a clear view of the hanger bands found on the scabbard. The pebbling found in the body panels was well defined and applied in a very tight pattern.

A closeup of the portapee is also shown here. The rope was made of silver strands and looped around the pommel and the base of the handle.

The hanger suspension opening found in the scabbard of the Red Cross leader's dagger for the social welfare branch is of round shape.

This is the only characteristic that distinguishes leader's daggers from this branch compared to the regular Red Cross.




RED CROSS DAGGER MANUFACTURERS
The vast majority of the Red Cross daggers are not manufacturer marked on the blade, they were marked on the tang. The following is a list of some of the companies that manufactured the DRK daggers during WWII.

Count Number Company Description Logo Comments
1 1 Robert Klaas Storks stamped n/a Manufactured the subordinate hewer
2 Robert Klaas Storks and name n/a Manufactured the subordinate hewer
3 Robert Klaas Storks and name on curve around n/a Manufactured the subordinate hewer
4 2 P D Luneschloss Sword piercing helmet in oval n/a Manufactured the subordinate hewer


EXAMPLES OF DAGGERS



GERMAN RED CROSS LEADER DAGGER - 1 - This is a German Red Cross leader dagger complete with the hangers. Yellow colored handle.


GERMAN RED CROSS SUBORDINATE DAGGER - 2 - This is a heavy duty construction heewer. Complete with the leather frog. The scabbard is present.


GERMAN RED CROSS SUBORDINATE DAGGER - 3 - This is the hewer issued to subordinate personnel. Complete with the scabbard and leather frog.



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